On Monday December 22nd at the IPSP-CNR in Strada delle Cacce, 73 Torino dr. Marco Catoni from The Sainsbury Laboratory, University of Cambridge, UK will hold the seminar entitled “Genetic determinants of epigenetic switches”.
On May 1st the merger between the Institute of Plant Virology and the Institute for Plant Protection of the Italian National Council (CNR) led to the newly formed Institute for Sustainable Plant Protection (IPSP), directed by Dr. Gian Paolo Accotto.
Here are the main research themes of the new institute:
1. Biotic and abiotic stress, plant defence and adaptation mechanisms;
2. Plant disease interactions with other organisms and the surrounding environment;
3. Genetic, epigenetic and molecular approaches to study the biodiversity of the microorganisms that support and protect plants;
4. Diagnosis for plant protection;
5. Sustainable technologies for plant protection.
The merger is still in progress, so, during this transition period, the official web sites of the two previous institutes will be still operational, waiting for the new IPSP website.
The Institute for Sustainable Plant Protection – CNR in Bari, the Department of Soil, Plant and Food Science of the University of Bari, the Research Center “Basile Caramia” (CRSFA) of Locorotondo, Bari, and the National and Regional Plant Health Services are pleased to announce the “International Symposium on the European outbreak of Xylella fastidiosa in olive”, to be held in Gallipoli (October 21-22, 2014), and followed by technical laboratory workshops at the CRSFA, Locorotondo (October 23-24, 2014). For further information click here.
V2P2 repository: digitizing, storing, preserving, searching, exploiting, sharing data from the research in the field of plant, (micro)organism, virus interactions. This project is partially funded by MIUR in the framework of the Scientific Dissemination programs (Annual Projects, L.6/2000, D.D. 369/Ric. del 26/06/2012) which involves three CNR Institutes: Institute of Plant Virology (IVV), Institute of Plant Protection (IPP), Economic Research on Firms and Growth (CERIS). The project aims at creating a “Repository” of the scientific research products (texts, images, catalogues, maps), using open source softwares and making data easily searchable on the web, according to the open data philosophy.
The gorgeous Virginia Tobamo, also known as tobacco mosaic virus, explains how she manages to enter the cell, replicate and finally conquer the whole plant. The cartoon, which is intended to show the replication of a plant virus, has been realized by Unito Media, the Web TV of the University of Turin (Italy) and by the Plant Virology Institute-CNR (Italy). Unfortunately, the cartoon is so far only available in Italian . Click here to see the cartoon.
Once again this year the Institute of Plant Virology will take part in the Science Festival. The tenth edition will be held in Genoa from 25 October to 4 November 2012. Imagination will be the keyword. IVV is organizing a laboratory for children, boys and girls (8-13 years old) called “C’era una volta un virus… o forse no! Costruscilo tu!”
It’s a benchmark for the science communication. It’s a chance of meeting for researchers, people keen on science, schools and families. It’s one of the main international events for science dissemination.
For more details, please consult following website : http://www.festivalscienza.eu/site/en/home.html
The genome of the tomato and its wild ancestor, Solanum pimpinellifolium, was sequenced by the Tomato Genome Consortium (TGC), a group of over 300 scientists from fourteen different countries. This important result, which will reduce costs and will simplify the efforts to improve tomato production fighting pests and drought is reported as cover story this week in the journal Nature (http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v485/n7400/pdf/ nature11119.pdf).
The sequence provides a detailed overview of the functional portions of the tomato genome and its closer ancestor, revealing the order and structure of their 35,000 genes. Tomato belongs to the Solanaceae family, which includes potatoes, peppers and eggplant, as well as ornamental plants or medicines, such as petunia, tobacco, nightshade and mandrake. The members of this family have adapted to different ecosystems, from tropical rainforests to the Atacama Desert.
The sequence has revealed the molecular basis of this adaptation. It shows that the genome of tomato ‘”tripled” suddenly about 60 million years ago, in a short period of mass extinction that led to the disappearance of the dinosaurs. Subsequently, most of the “tripled” genes were lost, while some of those survivors specialized and now control important features of the plant, including those of the berry, such as growth time, consistency, and red pigmentation.
The sequence will serve as a reference for other species of Solanaceae and comparative genomic studies both within the Solanaceae, or for other plants. The Tomato Genome Consortium was founded in 2003 in Washington, and includes scientists from Argentina, Belgium, China, France, Germany, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, United Kingdom, Spain and the United States. The genome sequence and related resources are freely accessible on the following websites: http://solgenomics.net; http://mips.helmholtz-muenchen.de/plant/tomato/index.jsp.