Andrea Massimo Carra

My interests are focused on the molecular bases of plant-virus interactions. As a result of their co-evolution, plants developed a number of defense mechanisms against virus infection, while viruses deployed several strategies to overcome such defenses. Among these mechanisms, I’m particularly interested in transcriptional and posttranscriptional silencing which are based on the action of small non-coding RNAs. The silencing phenomenon has been exploited to develop tools, such as VIGS (virus induced gene silencing), for gene functional studies. I’m using VIGS to manipulate the expression of genes potentially involved in plant response to Geminivirus infection.


  • 2013 - Expression Analysis of Aquaporins from Desert Truffle Mycorrhizal Symbiosis Reveals a Fine-Tuned Regulation Under Drought - Navarro-Ródenas, A., Bárzana, G., Nicolás, E., Carra, A., Schubert, A. and Morte, A. - Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 26:1068-1078
  • 2012 - Profiling of Hydroxycinnamoyl Tartrates and Acylated Anthocyanins in the Skin of 34 Vitis vinifera Genotypes - Ferrandino, A., Carra, A., Rolle, L., Schneider, A. & Schubert, A. - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 4931-4945
  • 2011 - Non-coding Rnas And Gene Silencing In Grape - Carra A. 1, Gambino G., Urso S 2. & Nervo G. 1 - Non Coding Rnas In Plants, Rna Technologies , Publisher: Springer-Verlag
  • 2010 - Transgene Silencing In Grapevines Transformed With GFLV Resistance Genes: Analysis Of Variable Expression Of Transgene, siRNA Production And Cytosine Methylation. - Gambino G., Perrone I., Carra A., Chitarra W., Boccacci P., Torello Marinoni D., Barberis M., Maghuly F., Laimer M., Gribaudo I. - Transgenic Research (09931J0), volume 19 pag. 17-27
  • 2010 - Transgene Silencing In Plants: Mechanisms, Applications And New Perspectives - Pagliarani C., Perrone I., Carra A., Gambino G. - In: Gene Silencing: Theory, Techniques And Applications, A.j. Catalano (eds), Publisher: Nova Science Publishers , NY, USA
  • 2010 - Small Rna Extraction And Expression Analysis By Northern Blot. - Batelli G. (1), Gambino G., Mica E. (2), Schubert A.(1), Carra A.(1) - In: Methodologies And Results In Grapevine Research, S. Delrot Et Al (eds), Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media B.V., Dordrecht
  • 2009 - Cloning And Characterization Of Small Non-coding Rnas From Grape - Carra, A., Mica, E., Gambino, G., Pindo, M., Maser, C., Pe, E. , Schubert, A. - Plant Journal (09659J0), volume 59 pag. 750-763
  • 2007 - A Cetyltrimethylammonim Bromide-based Method To Extract Low-molecular-weight Rna From Polysaccharide-rich Plant Tissues. - Carra A., Gambino G., Schubert A. - Analytical Biochemistry (09108J0), volume 360 pag. 318-320
  • 2003 - Indagini Ampelografiche E Analisi Con Marcatori Molecolari Per La Verifica Di Sinonimie Tra Vitigni Minori. - Schneider A., Carra A., Boccacci P., Akkak A., Botta R. - Vignevini , volume 30 pag. 104-111